Pakistan is the second country in the world that has exposed the largest percentage increase in global research output in 2018. Pakistan is one of the rising economies that produced more research output.
According to estimates put together by publishing-services company Clarivate Analytics for Nature. The research was measured in numbers of scientific papers published. That’s not clear what has led to the rise for Pakistan but experts think that increases in funding and international collaborations might have boosted the numbers in Pakistan.
One reason could be that Pakistan started from a low base near the bottom of the list of top 40 countries in overall numbers of papers; the article quoted Robert Tijssen, head of science and innovation studies at Leiden University in the Netherlands, as saying.
The statistics have added the input from more limited or national scientific journals. Egypt 21% output, China’s publications rose by about 15%, and India, Brazil, Mexico and Iran all saw their output grow by more than 8% compared with 2017. Globally, research output rose by around 5% in 2018, to an estimated 1,620,731 papers listed in a vast science-citation database Web of Science, the highest ever.
Clarivate Analytics for Nature owns Web of Science from which the data was drawn. Its analysis for Nature.com focused on 40 countries that have at least 10,000 papers in Web of Science.
This variety of players in science is a phenomenal success, says Caroline Wagner, a science and technology policy analyst at Ohio State University, and a former adviser to the US government. In 1980, only 5 countries did 90% of all science she says. Now there are 20 countries within the top producing group.
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