GCU and Bartin University signed bioethanol research agreement

Government College University (GCU) Lahore signed a collaborative research project with Bartin University, Turkey for the cost-effective production of bioethanol and also included PhD students exchange programme between both the universities. 

GCU and Bartin University signed bioethanol research agreement

Both representatives negotiate the project was for three years and each year one PhD student of Government College University (GCU) would go to Bartin University, Turkey for a period of two months and similarly, three PhD students from Bartin University will also come to Government College university (GCU).

Bioethanol is basically a fuel used as a petrol substitute and the most powerful and important renewable energy source in which turkey is lacking behind in the production of bioethanol.

Turkey and Pakistan were currently importing 95 per cent of their energy requirement and had not yet put full efforts in the production of more sustainable energy.

The eventual goal of this project is to develop a process for fourth generation bioethanol production both in Turkey and Pakistan.

Pakistan was facing severe energy crisis and it needed to find a quick substitute of fossil fuels. The completion of the project would contribute greatly to the economies of both countries.

Dr M Nauman Aftab, Principal Investigator of the project from Pakistan, said solar and wind energy projects were not feasible for a country like Pakistan because they required huge investments for heavy installations and huge storage devices. “So, it’s high time that we must pay attention on mass scale production of renewable energy in the form of biofuel”.

Turkish Council General Emir Ozbey chaired the launching ceremony at the Government College University Lahore (GCU) Bukhari Auditorium.

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Science parks to be set up in Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad

Pakistan’s IT sector is growing at a rapid pace during the last five years with the start of advanced technologies by keeping this goal in mind Science parks will be established in ‘Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad’

Science parks to be set up in Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad

IT companies now look forward the need for educated, dynamic, and young IT talents to increase the country’s representation at international forums and it can only be done if the talented youth can get the firm hold of every nut and bolt of industry requirements.

Keeping this goal in mind Science parks will be established in three cities ‘Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad’ in order to help IT, telecom and software companies to increase exports. Science Park in Islamabad will be established in collaboration with the National University of Science and Technology (NUST) and Comsats University.

Federal Science and Technology Minister Azam Khan Swati addressed 200 million people in Pakistan are young and that the science parks will also help train them into successful IT entrepreneurs. So, that they become job providers themselves instead of seeking jobs.

With three science parks it’s a start for empowering people to do what they want to do. It lets people be creative, productive to achieve the targets. A market full of opportunity must be increased in Pakistan to excel further as our neighboring country Iran had 124 science parks

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Pakistani & Swiss scientist discovered gene causing blindness

Pakistani and Swiss scientists discovered “MARK3” a new genetic mutation which is responsible for eye (shrinking eyeballs) in children that lead to blindness in Pakistan. According to geneticists report from the University of Geneva Medical School (UNIGE) and the Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro, many families in Pakistan have the mutant gene.

Pakistani, Swiss scientist Dr Muhammad Ansar discovered gene causing blindness

The mutations were discovered in a family having three affected children because of genetic alignments. In Pakistan cousins and close relative marriages are common due to this, infected children inherited two copies of genetic mutation from both parents. In medical term it is referred as consanguineous family.

Muhammad Ansar, a researcher at UNIGE said, “We found a pathogenic mutation in a new gene – that was not linked to any disease before – named as MARK3 in a Pakistani family. These individuals developed progressive Phthisis bulbi (shrinkage of the eyeball).”

The reason behind the mystifying eyeball disappearance disease explained in the journal Human Molecular Genetics .Various genes causing alarming diseases discovered in 2018 in Pakistan. For instance, a unique ADCY3 gene found loss of smell and severe obesity among few Pakistani families.

Pakistan’s first Genetic Mutation Database from Kohat University, which covers 1,000 mutations of 120 disorders and syndromes, noted in Pakistan.

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Gap between research and policy must be bridged: IPS

‘Brainstorming Research Ideas’, which was part of a series of events organized by IPS LEAD – the Learning, Excellence and Development Program of Institute of Policy Studies (IPS), under its initiative ‘Indigenizing Policy Research in Pakistan’.

Gap between research and policy must be bridged: IPS

It aims at apprising and sensitizing young and emerging scholars over the need of promoting indigenous narratives and seeking native solutions to the local problems in the research being produced in Pakistan.

Highlighting the returns of a vigorous policy-making ecosystem that productively connects research institutions and government bodies, senior academicians and policy practitioners.

It is deplored the lack thereof in Pakistan, while urging emerging researchers to adopt indigenous approaches for their studies in an attempt to fuel the society’s concurrent needs.

The session was addressed by Dr Tahir Hijazi, former Member, Governance & Policy Reforms, Planning Commission of Pakistan, DG-IPS Khalid Rahman, Dr Adnan Sarwar, head of department, International Relations, National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad, Ambassador (r) Tajammul Altaf, Air Cdr (r) Khalid Iqbal and Dr Shahzad Iqbal Sham, senior research associate at IPS.

Dr Hijazi, while making a keynote speech, talked about the importance of research institutions and think tanks in the process of policy making.

He said that despite the fact that policy making practices in Pakistan were not well-connected with the needs on ground, the policy circles were still not benefiting from the work being done by the country’s researchers, and hence were missing out on a worthy opportunity.

Speaking of bridging the gap between academic circles and policy corridors, Dr Iqbal was of the view that the following of the footsteps of the West has confined our research students to certain issues and topics seen with a particular lens.

They should rather start thinking indigenously, trying to discern local solutions to the local problems and thus making their research work more relatable and usable to the local needs.

Altaf stressed the need of making policy processes in the country people-centric, terming the approach as the most pertinent way of addressing prevalent issues. He also advised young researchers to make their studies pragmatic, goal-oriented and aligned with the local context.

Dr. Sarwar advised the students to adhere to the fundamentals of research when conducting their studies, while urging them to base their work on original documents and first-hand sources wherever possible, instead of relying on news stories and circuitously reported pieces.

Rahman finally concluded the session’s proceedings highlighting the need and significance of a researcher’s role in the modern-day settings. He exclusively stressed the importance of fueling the research being produced in Pakistan with indigenous perspective in order to make the work more relevant, applicable and useful for the society.

He also offered on behalf of IPS the mentoring and guiding aid on a continuous basis to the emerging young scholars who were pursuing their dissertations for advanced studies.

The session was attended by a number of research students and their supervisors from different universities of the twin cities.

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World Space Week 2018 concludes on high note

World Space Week 2018 concluded with the prize distribution ceremony . It was organized by Institute of Space Technology (IST), Islamabad during October 4-10 2018, with a view to generate space awareness among the general public and students.

World Space Week 2018 concludes on high note

A large number of schools and colleges of the twin cities and surrounding areas participated in the event.The theme for WSW 2018 was “Space Unites the World”. The theme is inspired by UNISPACE+50, an historic gathering of world space leaders which will occur in 2018.

UNISPACE+50 will promote cooperation between spacefaring and emerging space nations and help space exploration activities to become open and inclusive on a global scale, according to the UN.

In World Space Week 2018 celebrations at IST, Over 110 different schools and colleges from the vicinity of Islamabad and Rawalpindi participated in over 200 different space themed events and activities at IST under the initiative of Space Technology Education and Popularization.

Over 7500 space enthusiasts including participants and visitors witnessed and participated in WSW at IST. This mega event included number of competitions, workshops and activities for students of schools/colleges in the major categories of Space Knowledge, Space Creative Writing, Space Innovation, Space Technology Demonstration, Space Mathematics, Space Fine Arts, Space Visual Arts, Space Graphics, Space Business, Space Workshops, Space Labs Visit, Space Awareness Activities, and Space Entertainment.

 Siddique Public School 6th Road Rawalpindi emerged as the Space Champion and Runner up was KRL Model College for Girls Kahuta.

Dr. Najam Abbas, Director IST and Event head of WSW 2018 presented the event summary and vote of thanks to all the participants and space ambassadors of schools and colleges along with other partners and sponsors of the event. Professor Dr. Wilayat Hussain graced the occasion as chief guest and awarded prizes to the winning students.

The second day encompassed Space Declamation, Aero Modeling, Pin Hole Camera Design, Space Slogans, Drag Chute, Air Crash Inquiries, Space Researcher, Balloon Cart, Can-satellite Workshop, Souvenir Designing, Space Startups, Space Mathematical Quiz, Space Tales, ISS Lab Design, Zero Gravity Idea Bank,

It also includes Sketching, Aero Modeling, Balloon Cart, Space Tableau, Space Poetry, Space Spellathon, Visualizing Space Environments, Coin Designing, E-Poster Designing, Essay Writing, Sports In Space, Space Letters, Calligraphy, Moon Cake Bakery and Space Character Walk,

And lastly, day three Oct 6 2018 consisted of the Glider Flying, Water Rocket, Extempore Speech, Space Settlement Design, Geocaching, Space Researcher, Stamp Designing, Space Documentary, Spacesuit Design, Space Quiz, Rabbit Moon, Space Flight Sequencing, Mathematical Hunt, Glider Flying, Space Theater, Live Space Telescope, WSW Selfie, Zero Gravity, Mannequin Challenge, Videography, Web Page Designing, Space Birthday Party, Report Writing, Space App Ideas, Junk Design, Space Crash Inquiries, Alien Sketch and Space Scientist.

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